Executive Summary: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Executive Summary: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Fiscal: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Fiscal: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Governance: US takes long-term position on mineral supply

Governance: US takes long-term position on mineral supply

US-China trade war fuels Washington's bid to bolster critical mineral supply chains

General: Operating Risk discussion

General: Operating Risk discussion

For the third year in a row, Operating Risk was considered a greater challenge than Business Risk.

Social: The evolution toward TSF performance monitoring

Social: The evolution toward TSF performance monitoring

The industry has mapped a 10-year path toward a genuine step-change in best practice

Fiscal: US takes a knock, Asia makes up ground

Fiscal: US takes a knock, Asia makes up ground

"if you suddenly start seeing big movements then the perception is that risk is increasing"

Governance: Africa jurisdictions retain troubled profile

Governance: Africa jurisdictions retain troubled profile

The biggest disappointment on an adjusted basis is Africa

Appendix: Tailings Review

Appendix: Tailings Review

Technology, investors to drive cultural shift

Infrastructure: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Infrastructure: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Social: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Social: Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Hard Risk, Perceived Risk and Investment Risk Index

Investment Risk Index: Methodology

Investment Risk Index: Methodology

The Investment Risk Index methodology is based on an in-depth industry consultation process

Executive Summary: Risk is rising

Executive Summary: Risk is rising

The relevance of robust risk management tools has increased since the 2018 World Risk Report

General: Introduction and Methodology

General: Introduction and Methodology

The data used for the General Risk section of was collected by the World Risk Survey